After Chen's re-election in 2004, Hu's government changed tactics, conducting a no-contact policy with Taiwan due to Chen and the DPP's independence leanings and repudiation of the 1992 consensus. Xi fuhr die Reformpolitik seiner Vorgänger wie Hu Jintao zurück und verfolgt eine stärkere „patriotische“ Ideologisierung wie auch eine aggressivere Außen- und Innenpolitik – etwa durch eine stärkere digitale Überwachung der Bevölkerung und ein restriktiveres Vorgehen gegenüber der uigurischen Minderheit. Von 2003 bis 2013 war er Staatspräsident der Volksrepublik China. provisorisch: Dong Biwu, Vorsitzende des Ständigen Ausschusses des Nationalen Volkskongresses: At the 11th National People's Congress, Hu was re-elected as President on 15 March 2008. Political observers indicate that Hu distinguished himself from his predecessor in both domestic and foreign policy.  Hu's pragmatic, non-ideological agenda had two core values—maintaining social stability to further economic development and sustaining Chinese culture to enrich national sovereignty. Xi Jinping. Rioters accused the police of shooting them arbitrarily, and the police claimed that they had acted in self-defense. During his time at Tsinghua, he met his wife Liu Yongqing. März 2003: 14. Deng also proposed considering another candidate for a further future transition, preferably someone under fifty to represent the next generation of leaders. Als die Mitglieder der sogenannten zweiten Führungsgeneration der Kommunistischen Partei, so z. Search. 胡錦濤; pinyin Hú Jǐntāo; ur. This was seen as a message to the establishment and Jiang Zemin that elders should retire according to protocol and avoid meddling in the affairs of their successors. But his departure to Beijing was seen as a merely means to return to the centerfold of Chinese politics, which led to some doubts as to whether or not he was as ill as he had claimed.  Ein Jahr darauf wurde er allerdings in der Forbes-Liste nur noch auf Platz drei der mächtigsten Persönlichkeiten gesetzt, wobei US-Präsident Obama erneut den ersten Platz einnahm und der russische Präsident Wladimir Putin auf Rang zwei kam.. Song Qingling, Staatspräsidenten: On 12 April 2008, Hu Jintao met with Taiwan's Vice President-elect Vincent Siew in the latter's role as chairman of the Cross-strait Common Market Foundation during the Boao Forum for Asia. Von 1969 bis 1974 arbeitete er als Ingenieur für das sinohydrische Ingenieursbüro Nummer 4. " Such a society, he says, will give full scope to people's talent and creativity, enable all the people to share the social wealth brought by reform and development, and forge an ever-closer relationship between the people and government. Mao Zedong, Vorsitzende der Volksrepublik China: Newsweek named Hu the second most powerful person in the world, referring to him as "the man behind the wheel of the world's most supercharged economy. Hu Yaobang, Generalsekretäre: Sein Vater war Teehändler, der später während der Kulturrevolution denunziert wurde. An der Universität lernte er auch seine Frau Liu Yongqing kennen, mit der er zwei Kinder hat. Hu Jintao, Wade-Giles romanization Hu Chin-t’ao, (born December 25, 1942, Taizhou, Jiangsu province, China), Chinese politician and government official, general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 2002 to 2012 and president of China from 2003 to 2013. Whether this is Hu's contribution to Marxist theory is debatable, but its general reception with the Chinese public has been moderate. Xi fuhr die Reformpolitik seiner Vorgänger wie Hu Jintao zurück und verfolgt eine stärkere „patriotische“ Ideologisierung wie auch eine aggressivere Außen- und Innenpolitik – etwa durch eine stärkere digitale Überwachung der Bevölkerung und ein restriktiveres Vorgehen gegenüber der uigurischen Minderheit. ", This page was last edited on 24 December 2020, at 22:38. He is a direct descendant of the Ming dynasty general Hu Zongxian, known for fighting Japanese pirates. [x ǔ t͡ɕì n t ʰ ɑ́ʊ̯]; chiń. Im März 2013 wurde er von Xi Jinping als Staatspräsident abgelöst.. Here is a look at the life of Hu Jintao, former president of the People's Republic of China..  His mentor Song Ping was transferred to Beijing as Minister of Organization of the Communist Party of China, and was in charge of senior cadres' recommendation, candidacy and promotion.  He is a direct descendant of the Ming dynasty general Hu Zongxian, known for fighting Japanese pirates. In his own departing speech at the 18th Party Congress, Hu emphasized the potentially devastating effects that unchecked corruption would have on the party and the country. Jiang's clique, however, maintained control in most developing areas, therefore Hu and Wen's measures of macroeconomic regulation faced great resistance. Oktober 2007 kündigte Hu Jintao eine gerechtere Verteilung des Wohlstands und mehr Umweltschutz an. In domestic policy, he seems to want more openness to the public on governmental functions and meetings. Mao Zedong | Deng Xiaoping | Some called China's political landscape during Hu's era one of "nine dragons taming the water" (九龙治水), that is, nine PSC members each ruling over their own fief. Relations continued to be cordial between the two sides during Hu's tenure, and trade increased immensely, culminating in the signing of the preferential trade agreement ECFA in 2010. He was a member of the CCP Politburo Standing Committee, China's de facto top decision-making body, from 1992 to 2012. Following Jiang's stepping-down, Hu had officially taken on the three institutions in the People's Republic of China where power lie, the party, the state, as well as the military, thus informally, had become the paramount leader. Durch die Nachfolge in diesen drei Ämtern wurde Hu Jintao zum neuen Paramount Leader (Führer von Partei, Staat und Armee) der Volksrepublik China und gilt eher als „Hardliner“ denn als Reformer. His mother was a teacher and died when he was 7, and he was raised by an aunt.  Hu attempted to improve the economy of the backwater province, and reputedly visited all of its eighty-six counties. Hu participated in the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) for most of his career, notably as Party Committee Secretary for Guizhou province and the Tibet Autonomous Region and then later First Secretary of the CCP Central Secretariat and Vice-President under former leader Jiang Zemin. With the support of Hu Yaobang and Deng Xiaoping, Hu was assured of a bright future in the party. Trade and contact between the two sides increased significantly during Hu's tenure. In the beginning of 2006, however, Hu launched the "8 Honours and 8 Shames" movement in a bid to promote a more selfless and moral outlook amongst the population , Early in his presidency, Hu faced a pro-independence counterpart in then ROC president Chen Shui-bian. Hu is also said to possess a photographic memory that became evident in his high school days. , Am 15. HU JINTAO POSTER: Make a poster showing the different stages of the life of Hu Jintao. März 2013: im Amt: Siehe auch.  Hu's tenure is also credited with modernizing China's infrastructure, the launch of China's first manned spaceprobe, and the success of two international events: the 2008 Beijing Olympics and the 2010 Shanghai Expo. Hu Jintao (pinyin: Hú Jǐntāo, pronoonced [xǔ tɕìntʰáu]; born 21 December 1942) is an umwhile leader o the fowerth generation o leadership o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae.He wis General Secretary o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae frae 2002 tae 2012, Chairman o the CPC Central Militar Commission frae 2004 tae 2012 an Preses o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae frae 2003 tae 2013. ", "America in the Asia-Pacific: We're back", "As China Talks of Change, Fear Rises on the Risks", "On Way Out, China's Leader Offers Praise for the Status Quo", "China's leader Hu Jintao leads a country in ferment", Hu Jintao's political philosophies and policies, Central Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, General Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China, Chairman of the Central Military Commission of the People's Republic of China, Central Party School of the Communist Party of China, Chairmen of the Central Military Commission, 17th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, 16th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, 15th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, 14th Politburo of the Communist Party of China, Vice-Presidents of the People's Republic of China, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hu_Jintao&oldid=996167707, Communist Party of China politicians from Jiangsu, Presidents of the People's Republic of China, Vice Presidents of the People's Republic of China, Recipients of the Order of the Sun of Peru, People's Republic of China politicians from Jiangsu, Members of the 17th Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, First Secretaries of the Communist Youth League of China, General Secretaries and Chairmen of the Communist Party of China, Members of the 16th Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, Members of the 15th Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, Members of the 14th Politburo Standing Committee of the Communist Party of China, Articles containing Chinese-language text, Articles with dead external links from November 2017, Articles with permanently dead external links, Wikipedia pending changes protected pages, Wikipedia indefinitely move-protected pages, Short description is different from Wikidata, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 1992–2002: Secretary (first-ranked), 14th, 15th, Central Secretariat, 1988–2013: 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, 11th National People's Congress, 1999–2004: Vice Chairman, Party Central Military Commission, Bo, Zhiyue. . The role of the Party has changed, as formulated by Deng Xiaoping and implemented by Jiang Zemin, from a revolutionary party to a ruling party. During his tenure he continued the Party's modernization, calling for both "Advancement" of the Party and its increasing transparency in governance. provisorisch: Song Qingling |  While Hu was generally seen as an official with integrity and honesty, some locals preferred his predecessor Zhu Houze. So wurde Hu schon 1992 von Deng, auf Vorschlag Song Pings, als zukünftiger Parteichef ausersehen. In 1973, Hu was transferred to the Construction Department of Gansu as a secretary. Hier knüpfte er Kontakte zu Deng Nan, der Tochter Deng Xiaopings, und Hu Deping, dem Sohn Hu Yaobangs.  Increased clashes culminated in serious rioting in Lhasa's core on 5 March 1989, five days before the 30th anniversary of the 1959 Tibetan uprising. n-tv.de, Krone.at: Obama nicht mehr der mächtigste Mensch der Welt, Wiener Zeitung: Hu ist mächtigster Mensch der Welt, Welt Online: Obama verliert Status als mächtigster Mann der Welt, Hu Jintao macht den Weg frei für den Nachfolger, Vorsitzender des Zentralrates der Volksregierung, Ständigen Ausschusses des Nationalen Volkskongresses, Militärkommission beim ZK der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas, https://de.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Hu_Jintao&oldid=203137031, Träger des Ordens El Sol del Perú (Collane), Träger des Ordens des Fürsten Jaroslaw des Weisen (I. Klasse), „Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike“, Hú Jǐntāo; 胡锦涛 (vereinfacht); 胡錦濤 (traditionell); Hu Chin-t'ao (Wade-Giles), chinesischer Politiker, Generalsekretär der Kommunistischen Partei Chinas, Staatspräsident der Volksrepublik China. Hu Jintao (wym. Hu Jintao (/huː dʒɪnˈtaʊ/; Chinese: 胡锦涛; pinyin: Hú Jǐntāo; Mandarin pronunciation: [xǔ tɕìn.tʰáu]; born 21 December 1942) is a Chinese politician, who was General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) from 2002 to 2012, President of the People's Republic of China (PRC) from 2003 to 2013 and Chairman of the Central Military Commission (CMC) from 2004 to 2012. , Hu's role in the demonstrations and rioting on 5 March was never made clear. Ye Jianying | ", Xing, Guoxin.  Another protégé of Song, Wen Jiabao, also became prominent at the same time. ", Ewing, "Hu Jintao: The Making of a Chinese General Secretary. Hua Guofeng | Thus, despite Hu Jintao taking over as the General Secretary of the CPC, the Chairman of the Central Military Commission was still the former CPC leader, Jiang Zemin. Write about what he does every day and what he thinks about. Wörtlich sagte er den 2200 Delegierten: „Wir werden ein System errichten, das zum Energiesparen und zur Reduzierung von Abgasen verpflichtet.“ Er bekräftigte die zentrale Führungsrolle der Kommunistischen Partei und bekannte sich zum Einparteiensystem. November 2012 erklärte Hu Jintao auf dem Parteitag der KPCh seinen Rücktritt vom Parteivorsitz. "Hu Jintao and the CCP’s ideology: A historical perspective. Furthermore, the cronyism and corruption plaguing China's civil service, military, educational, judicial and medical systems sought to destroy the country bit by bit. The response to the SARS public health crisis and the massive expansion of health insurance coverage for middle- to low-income citizens earned Hu accolades domestically. Along with his colleague Premier Wen Jiabao, Hu presided over nearly a decade of consistent economic growth and development that cemented China as a major world power. The increased contacts culminated in the 2005 Pan-Blue visits to mainland China, including a historic meeting between Hu and then-KMT chairman Lien Chan in April 2005. Hu Jintao (chinesisch 胡錦濤 / 胡锦涛, W.-G. Hu Chin-t'ao; * 21. Innerhalb dieses politischen Rahmens stellte er moderate Reformen in Aussicht. In addition, the massive corruption scandal that ensnared the military shortly after Hu's departure from office showed that Hu was unable to tackle entrenched interests in the military. Hu and Premier Wen Jiabao inherited a China wrought with internal social, political and environmental problems. In 1992, Hu took charge of the Secretariat of the Communist Party of China, which oversaw day-to-day operations of the Central Committee, and the Central Party School, which was convenient for him to bring up his own supporters among senior CCP cadres. Hu's political philosophy during his leadership is summarized by three slogans — a "Harmonious Socialist Society" domestically and "Peaceful Development" internationally, the former aided by the Scientific Development Concept, which seeks integrated sets of solutions to arrays of economic, environmental and social problems, and recognizes, in inner circles, a need for cautious and gradual political reforms.  Hu was named the 2010 World's Most Powerful Person by Forbes Magazine.  China's Gini coefficient climbed to 0.47 by 2010, indicating a potentially unsustainable gap between the rich and the poor. , Most external observers agree that Hu presided over a decade of consistent economic growth, led China through the storm of the global financial crisis relatively unscathed, and increased China's international stature immensely. "Hu Jintao and the sixth Plenum. Dezember 1942 in Jiangyan, bezirksfreie Stadt Taizhou) ist ein Politiker der Volksrepublik China. "Consolidation of the PRC’s leadership succession system from Hu Jintao to Xi Jinping. Hu Jintao was born on 21 December 1942 in Taizhou, Jiangsu province. Hu Jintao ist ein Politiker der Volksrepublik China. As a result, shortly before his 50th birthday, Hu Jintao became the youngest member of the seven-member Politburo Standing Committee, and one of the youngest PSC members since the Communist Party assumed power in 1949. At Song Ping's suggestion, in 1982 central CCP authorities invited Hu to Beijing to study at the Central Party School.
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